Body awareness and mindfulness: Validation of the Spanish version of the Scale of Body Connection


  • Lucía del C. Quezada-Berumen Facultad de Psicología.Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL), México
  • Mónica T. González-Ramírez Facultad de Psicología.Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL), México
  • Ausias Cebolla Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain. CIBEROBN Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Spain
  • Joaquim Soler Servicio de Psiquiatría. Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica-Sant Pau (IIB-SANT PAU), Institut de Recerca del Servicio de Psiquiatría Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona
  • Javier Garcia-Campayo Hospital Miguel Servet. Universidad de Zaragoza. Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain


Body Connection Scale, Body awareness, Body dissociation, Validation, Spanish, Mindfulness


Background: To assess the psychometric properties and the factor structure of the Spanish version of the Scale of Body Connection (SBC) in a community population of meditators and non-meditators and to investigate the relationships among mindfulness, body awareness and body dissociation.

Methods: Design. Validation study. Sampling. An internet-based commercial system was used to recruit the sample. Instruments. In addition to the SBC, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were administered.

Results: A sample of 578 subjects responded to all of the items in the protocol. A total of 55.2% of respondents had some previous experience with meditation. A Scree plot showed a two-factor solution involving the Body Awareness (BA) and Body Dissociation (BD) subscales. This study differed from the original validation study in the lack of independence of the subscales; they were correlated in the present study (r=-.11). Internal consistency for BA was α: .86, and for BD, the α was .62. Test-retest reliability was assessed in a subsample (N=67) and was r=.679 for BA and r=.765 for BD. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that mindfulness practice and the FFMQ factors of Observing and Describing were positive predictors of BA. Describing, Acting with awareness and Non-judging negatively predicted BD, and Observing positively predicted BD.

Conclusion: The study confirms the adequacy of the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the SBC for use in community samples. The relationship between SBC and mindfulness is discussed in light of previous research.



How to Cite

Quezada-Berumen, Lucía del C., et al. “Body Awareness and Mindfulness: Validation of the Spanish Version of the Scale of Body Connection”. Actas Españolas De Psiquiatría, vol. 42, no. 2, Mar. 2014, pp. 57-67,