Systematic Review on the Relationship between Toxoplasmosis and Mental Disorders


  • Leticia E. Bartolomé del Pino Faculty of Health Sciences, Valencian International University – VIU, 46002 Valencia, Spain
  • Vicente Zanón-Moreno Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain



Toxoplasma gondii, mental disorders, neuropathology, primary prevention, public health surveillance


Background: Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. In cases of vertical infection, and in immunosuppressed people by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serious clinical conditions may appear, while immunocompetent people do not present symptoms. However, T. gondii infection has been linked to several mental disorders for decades.

Objective: To substantiate the possible relationship between T. gondii and mental disorders and suggest control and prevention strategies.

Material and Methods: A systematic review has been carried out to analyze the relationship between T. gondii exposure (presence of IgG) and the onset of mental disorders in minors and adults. The etiopathogenic mechanisms described by the authors have also been included and the systems of surveillance, prevention and control of infection have been evaluated.

Results: Several processes linked to the presence of cysts and the reactivation of the parasite in certain situations produce an immune and inflammatory response. Also, direct and indirect actions on different neurotransmitters. These mechanisms, together with other environmental and genetic factors, would predispose to different psychiatric pathologies.

Conclusions: Due to the limits of the study, no conclusions can be drawn in childhood and adolescence. However, the results of this systematic review show a possible association of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and compulsive disorder with T. gondii infection in adults. There is a need to improve control, integrated surveillance and extend prevention measures to the entire population.


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How to Cite

Bartolomé del Pino, Leticia E., and Vicente Zanón-Moreno. “Systematic Review on the Relationship Between Toxoplasmosis and Mental Disorders”. Actas Españolas De Psiquiatría, vol. 52, no. 2, Apr. 2024, pp. 149-60, doi:10.62641/aep.v52i2.1658.



Systematic Review